|Mariame Djigo | 01/06/2021|
The Africa Alternative Report was launched by African and international institutions such as Enda Tiers Monde, Third World Forum, CODESRIA, TRUSTAFRICA, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), Rosa Luxembourg Foundation, LEGS AFRICA, IPAR, among others. The first issue discusses the challenges and prospects of an African post-capitalist transition.
The first issue of the Alternative Report on Africa (RASA) focuses on the situation and desirable developments on the African continent through the prism of sovereignty. According to the document we received, the publication of the report comes in a context marked by a « heavy health and economic crisis » and the « confirmation of our intellectual and strategic dependence as the last summit in Paris on African economies has just demonstrated.
Through the document, which is articulated around seven major axes, « the initiators seek to position and deepen a radically new approach that puts real socio-economic dynamics, popular innovations, intangible resources, the centralitý of culture, the bio-economic link with nature, the powers of proximitý at the center of the perspective. »
In the first axis, the authors show that « sovereigntý is grappling with external imperialism and hegemony on the one hand, and in conflict with its national and popular dimensions from below. » The second axis deals with economic sovereigntý.
For this point, the authors recall, first, that « the economic policy orientations of Africa continue to be prescribed by international institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank (WB), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the OECD, the World Economic Forum », among others, and second, they demonstrate that « the strong dependence on FDI has facilitated the offensive of transnational firms that African states seek to attract, reflecting a windfall effect ».
The third axis talks about monetary sovereignty. « This analysis revolves around a diagnosis of the existing in the WAMU in terms of monetary sovereigntý and a prospective of the creation of a single ECOWAS currency: the Eco, » reads the document. As for the fourth axis, it deals with cultural sovereigntý. On this, « a transversal pan-Africanist approach is retained to highlight the culture-economy relationship. »
Indeed, sovereignty in the prism of the digital revolution is the subject of the fifth axis. Regarding this point, RASA believes that Africa must « invest in different dimensions of digital sovereigntý. The sixth axis focused on political sovereigntý and for the RASA, it appears that « the Federal State is the sine qua non condition for a recovered internal and external sovereigntý. For the seventh axis, the RASA addressed the foundations and contours of a « true power for decomplexed and sovereign African states. »